Tennis as a Physical Activity
Tennis is a great sport for all ages. It is a fun heart pumping cardio activity that involved strength, power, and endurance from the legs, core, arms, and cardio respiratory system. This sport involves agility and coordination (hand eye coordination) to help you time and get to the ball.
I worked up a sweat and really worked my muscles while running around the court. It was great to get back into the game.
I was introduced to the sport when I was about 7 years old and played until college. During high school I started off playing doubles and then moved to singles. I always had a great time with the girls on my high school team as well as the friends I made in clinics I took. I don’t play as often, but when I do - it’s always fun.
- Gastrocnemius and Soleus are the muscles that deal with your explosive
movements in your calves.
- Hamstrings are involved in knee flexion.
- Quadriceps are involved in knee extension.
- Gluteus Maximus is involved in hip extension and adduction. (When
Shuffling and running)
- Gluteus Medius is involved with hip abduction. (When shuffling)
- Rectus Abdominus is involved in spinal flexion – but acts as a stabilizer
as the body remains straight.
- Obliques deal with flexion and rotation. There is a lot of rotation involved
in the sport, so the obliques are worked a lot through out the game.
- Erector Spinae involved in extension and rotation.
- Pecoralis Major is the chest muscle that allows you to push your arm
forward through the action of your forehand and backhand. The muscle
actions that is involved is shoulder extension and internal rotation.
- Deltoids There are 3 heads of the deltoids. The anterior, middle, and
posterior deltoid. All three are involved in this sport. When setting up for a
shot, the posterior deltoid helps bring the arm backwards, and when
extending the arm it is the anterior head that is involved. The middle
deltoid is involved in a serve and overhead shot.
- Triceps are involved in elbow extension. This happens during a serve,
forehand, and backhand shot, because the actions require the arms to be
- Pronator Teres is involved in forearm pronation, which is important on
your forehand and backhand.
Try tennis as a physical activity
go outside and have fun.
Invite your friends - join a group/club
take lessons - just play!